What to plant, what to water in the garden this week – Daily News



 1. Plant new citrus or avocado trees this month or next, while they are safe from frost and still have ample time to grow and adapt for next winter’s cold temperatures. Select specimens with vigorous growth and healthy deep green leaves. It may be tempting to buy OK-looking plants with fruit already on them, but such plants may have been stressed in the container and may take many years to set new fruit again when planted in the garden. Withhold plant foods or fertilizers from new transplants for about six weeks.

2. There is still time to revitalize your vegetable garden with compost or aged steer manure and plant a wide variety of veggies – especially lettuces, cabbages, chard, tomatoes, peppers, beans, cucumbers, squash, onions, corn, and even potatoes. And don’t forget the herbs – basil, cilantro, mint, oregano, parsley, rosemary, thyme, etc.

3. Since plants in containers dry out faster than plants in the ground, they need to be watered more frequently, especially when the wind blows or warm temperatures prevail. Since nitrogen and other nutrients are limited in container soils, add liquid fertilizer every time you water potted plants in order to keep them growing actively. And watch out for weeds in containers (and in the ground). Weeds rob desirable plants of needed moisture and food – and detract from their beauty, too – as they use their energy to produce more weeds.

4. Here’s another reminder to feed your lawn every four to six weeks from now until August. The spring feeding needs a little phosphorus in it to strengthen root growth, but lawns primarily need nitrogen fertilizers. Be sure to water in the fertilizer quickly after applying it, to prevent damage to foliage and roots. For the best looking lawn, sharpen blades on your lawnmower, too.

5. If you want to plant a new lawn this year, do it within a couple of weeks, or you’ll need to wait until fall. Mix plenty of composted organic matter into prepared, weed-free soil to a depth of eight inches or more, then level the ground. Sow high-quality seed, cover it with a half-inch of steer manure and keep it consistently moist for at least three weeks. Or lay down sod, which provides an “instant lawn.”